How to run sudo command without a password on a Linux or Unix


‘m a new Unix system user. How do I use sudo command without a password on a Linux or Unix-like systems? I log in as tom@my-cloud-server-ip and disabled root login for ssh. After login, I need to run some commands as root user. I am the only sysadmin using my server. How do I run or execute sudo command without a password for a user named Tom under Debian/Ubuntu/CentOS Linux cloud server?


sudo (“superuser do”) is nothing but a tool for Linux or Unix-like systems to run commands/programs as another user. Typically as a root user or another user. You can delegate common tasks such as reboot the server or restart the Apache or make a backup using sudo for unprivileged users.

By default, sudo needs that a user authenticates using a password before running a command. Some times you may need to run a command with root privileges, but you do not want to type a password using sudo command. This is useful for scripting or any other purpose. This can be achieved by editing /etc/sudoers file and setting up correct entries. You need to consider any security consequence of allowing a sudo command execute without a password.

How to to run sudo command without a password:

Backup your /etc/sudoers file by typing the following command:

sudo cp /etc/sudoers /root/sudoers.bak

Edit the /etc/sudoers file by typing the visudo command:

sudo visudo

Append/edit the line as follows in the /etc/sudoers file for user named ‘vivek’ to run ‘/bin/kill’ and ‘systemctl’ commands:

vivek ALL = NOPASSWD: /bin/systemctl restart httpd.service, /bin/kill

Save and exit the file.

How do I execute ALL sudo commands without password?

Type the following command as root user:

# visudo



$ sudo visudo


Append the following entry to run ALL command without a password for a user named tom:


Here is my sample config file:

Fig.01: How to execute sudo without password for tom user


Save and close the file. Now you can run any command as root user:

$ sudo /etc/init.d/nginx restart

$ sudo /sbin/reboot

$ sudo apt-get install htop

get root shell ##

$ sudo -i


Please make sure only tom can login via ssh keys.

How do I test it?

Simply run /bin/kill to kill any process without a password:

[vivek@server ]$ sudo /bin/kill pid-here



[vivek@server ]$ sudo /bin/systemctl restart httpd.service

For more info read man pages: sudoers(5),visudo(8)



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