PHP-fpm Too Many Open Files 24 Error (set open file descriptor limit)


am getting the following error in my /var/log/php7.0-fpm.log file:

“ERROR: failed to prepare the stderr pipe: Too many open files (24)”

How do I fix this problem?


You need to set open file descriptor rlimit for the PHP master process. The default value is system defined but one can increase it as per needs.

php-fpm too many open files error and solution

Edit php-fpm.conf

# vi /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php-fpm.conf


Find rlimit_files

;rlimit_files = 1024


And update it as follows (or as per your need):

rlimit_files = 4096


Save and close the file. Restart php7-0.fpm, run:

# systemctl restart php7.0-fpm

Increase FD limit at the OS level

Find user/group name:

$ grep ^user /etc/php/7.0/fpm/pool.d/www.conf

$ grep ^group /etc/php/7.0/fpm/pool.d/www.conf



Edit /etc/security/limits.conf, enter:

# vi /etc/security/limits.conf


Append as follows (replace user/group name with your actual names):

www-data       soft    nofile  4096

www-data       hard    nofile  4096

Restart required process. Save and close the file. Verify it:

$ su – www-data


To see the hard and soft values, issue the command as follows:

$ ulimit -Hn

$ ulimit -Sn



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *