How to install PHP 7 on Ubuntu Linux 14.04 LTS


HP 7 provides 2x faster performance and 50% better memory consumption than PHP version 5.6. How do I install PHP 7 on Ubuntu Linux version 14.04 LTS server? How do I install PHP 7 with PHP-FPM in along with Nginx web server?


You need to install a PPA called ondrej/php. This allows you to co-install PHP versions 5.6 and 7.0. The latest version of PHP 7 is 7.0.5 and you will learn how to install the same on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS server.

Configure a PPA for co-installable PHP 5.6 + 7.0

Type the following command:

$ sudo apt-get install -y language-pack-en-base

$ sudo LC_ALL=en_US.UTF-8 add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php



$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php


Sample outputs:

Fig.01: Configure a PPA for PHP 7.0 packages

Update the package index

To resynchronize the package index files from their sources, enter:

$ sudo apt-get update


Sample outputs:

Ign trusty InRelease

Get:1 trusty-updates InRelease [64.4 kB]

Get:2 trusty InRelease [15.5 kB]

Hit trusty-security InRelease

Hit trusty Release.gpg

Hit trusty Release

Get:3 trusty-updates/main amd64 Packages [696 kB]

Hit trusty-security/main amd64 Packages

Get:4 trusty/main amd64 Packages [23.2 kB]

Hit trusty-security/restricted amd64 Packages

Hit trusty-security/universe amd64 Packages

Get:5 trusty/main Translation-en [12.2 kB]

Hit trusty-security/multiverse amd64 Packages

Get:6 trusty-updates/restricted amd64 Packages [15.9 kB]

Hit trusty-security/main Translation-en

Get:7 trusty-updates/universe amd64 Packages [336 kB]

Hit trusty-security/multiverse Translation-en

Get:8 trusty-updates/multiverse amd64 Packages [13.0 kB]

Hit trusty-updates/main Translation-en

Hit trusty-security/restricted Translation-en

Hit trusty-updates/multiverse Translation-en

Hit trusty-updates/restricted Translation-en

Hit trusty-updates/universe Translation-en

Hit trusty-security/universe Translation-en

Hit trusty/main amd64 Packages

Hit trusty/restricted amd64 Packages

Hit trusty/universe amd64 Packages

Hit trusty/multiverse amd64 Packages

Hit trusty/main Translation-en

Hit trusty/multiverse Translation-en

Hit trusty/restricted Translation-en

Hit trusty/universe Translation-en

Ign trusty/main Translation-en_US

Ign trusty/multiverse Translation-en_US

Ign trusty/restricted Translation-en_US

Ign trusty/universe Translation-en_US

Fetched 1,176 kB in 3s (326 kB/s)

Reading package lists… Done

List all PHP 7 packages

Type the following apt-cache command:

$ apt-cache search php7


Sample outputs:

php7.0-common – Common files for packages built from the PHP source

libapache2-mod-php7.0 – server-side, HTML-embedded scripting language (Apache 2 module)

php7.0-cgi – server-side, HTML-embedded scripting language (CGI binary)

php7.0-cli – command-line interpreter for the PHP scripting language

php7.0-phpdbg – server-side, HTML-embedded scripting language (PHPDBG binary)

php7.0-fpm – server-side, HTML-embedded scripting language (FPM-CGI binary)

libphp7.0-embed – HTML-embedded scripting language (Embedded SAPI library)

php7.0-dev – Files for PHP7.0 module development

php7.0-dbg – Debug symbols for PHP7.0

php7.0-curl – CURL module for PHP

php7.0-enchant – Enchant module for PHP

php7.0-gd – GD module for PHP

php7.0-gmp – GMP module for PHP

php7.0-imap – IMAP module for PHP

php7.0-interbase – Interbase module for PHP

php7.0-intl – Internationalisation module for PHP

php7.0-ldap – LDAP module for PHP

php7.0-mcrypt – libmcrypt module for PHP

php7.0-readline – readline module for PHP

php7.0-odbc – ODBC module for PHP

php7.0-pgsql – PostgreSQL module for PHP

php7.0-pspell – pspell module for PHP

php7.0-recode – recode module for PHP

php7.0-snmp – SNMP module for PHP

php7.0-tidy – tidy module for PHP

php7.0-xmlrpc – XMLRPC-EPI module for PHP

php7.0-xsl – XSL module for PHP

php7.0 – server-side, HTML-embedded scripting language (metapackage)

php7.0-json – JSON module for PHP

php-all-dev – package depending on all supported PHP development packages

php7.0-sybase – Sybase module for PHP

php7.0-modules-source – PHP 7.0 modules source package

php7.0-sqlite3 – SQLite3 module for PHP

php7.0-mysql – MySQL module for PHP

php7.0-opcache – Zend OpCache module for PHP

php7.0-bz2 – bzip2 module for PHP

Install PHP 7

Type the following command to install PHP 7 along with useful php modules such as MySQL, GD, curl and so on:

$ sudo apt-get install php7.0



$ sudo apt-get install php7.0 php7.0-cli php7.0-fpm php7.0-gd php7.0-json php7.0-mysql php7.0-readline


Sample outputs:

Fig.02: Installing PHP 7.0

Configure Nginx and PHP 7

Edit your nginx.conf file:

$ sudo vi nginx.conf



$ sudo vi /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default


Modify or append as follows:

# Pass all .php files onto a php-fpm/php-fcgi server.

location ~ [^/]\.php(/|$) {

fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(/.*)$;

if (!-f $document_root$fastcgi_script_name) {

return 404;


fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;

fastcgi_index index.php;

include fastcgi_params;


Save and close the file. Reload the nginx server:

$ sudo service nginx reload

Test new PHP 7 installation

Create a file called test.php in /var/www/html/ directory:




Save and close the file. Run it as follows:



Sample outputs:

Fig.03: PHP 7 in action

How do I upgrade or patch my php 7.x version?

Type the following two commands:

$ sudo apt-get update

$ sudo apt-get upgrade


Sample outputs:

Calculating upgrade… Done

The following packages will be upgraded:

libapache2-mod-php7.0 libpcre3 php7.0 php7.0-cli php7.0-common php7.0-curl

php7.0-fpm php7.0-gd php7.0-json php7.0-mysql php7.0-opcache php7.0-readline

12 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.

Need to get 4,628 kB of archives.

After this operation, 13.3 kB of additional disk space will be used.

Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y

Get:1 trusty-updates/main libpcre3 amd64 1:8.31-2ubuntu2.2 [144 kB]

Get:2 trusty/main php7.0-json amd64 [17.1 kB]

Get:3 trusty/main php7.0-opcache amd64 [76.0 kB]

Get:4 trusty/main php7.0-fpm amd64 [1,254 kB]

Get:5 trusty/main libapache2-mod-php7.0 amd64 [1,191 kB]

Get:6 trusty/main php7.0-cli amd64 [1,248 kB]

Get:7 trusty/main php7.0-common amd64 [507 kB]

Get:8 trusty/main php7.0-readline amd64 [12.2 kB]

Get:9 trusty/main php7.0 all [1,248 B]

Get:10 trusty/main php7.0-curl amd64 [26.9 kB]

Get:11 trusty/main php7.0-gd amd64 [27.0 kB]

Get:12 trusty/main php7.0-mysql amd64 [122 kB]

Fetched 4,628 kB in 5s (900 kB/s)

(Reading database … 18668 files and directories currently installed.)

Preparing to unpack …/libpcre3_1%3a8.31-2ubuntu2.2_amd64.deb …

Unpacking libpcre3:amd64 (1:8.31-2ubuntu2.2) over (1:8.31-2ubuntu2.1) …

Setting up libpcre3:amd64 (1:8.31-2ubuntu2.2) …

Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.19-0ubuntu6.7) …

(Reading database … 18668 files and directories currently installed.)

Preparing to unpack …/ …

Unpacking php7.0-json ( over ( …

Preparing to unpack …/ …

Unpacking php7.0-opcache ( over ( …

Preparing to unpack …/ …

php7.0-fpm stop/waiting

Unpacking php7.0-fpm ( over ( …

Preparing to unpack …/ …

Unpacking libapache2-mod-php7.0 ( over ( …

Preparing to unpack …/ …

Unpacking php7.0-cli ( over ( …

Preparing to unpack …/ …

Unpacking php7.0-common ( over ( …

Preparing to unpack …/ …

Unpacking php7.0-readline ( over ( …

Preparing to unpack …/ …

Unpacking php7.0 ( over ( …

Preparing to unpack …/ …

Unpacking php7.0-curl ( over ( …

Preparing to unpack …/ …

Unpacking php7.0-gd ( over ( …

Preparing to unpack …/ …

Unpacking php7.0-mysql ( over ( …

Processing triggers for ureadahead (0.100.0-16) …

Setting up php7.0-common ( …

Setting up php7.0-json ( …

Setting up php7.0-opcache ( …

Setting up php7.0-readline ( …

Setting up php7.0-cli ( …

Setting up php7.0-fpm ( …

php7.0-fpm start/running, process 9573

Setting up libapache2-mod-php7.0 ( …

Warning: Could not load Apache 2.4 maintainer script helper.

Setting up php7.0 ( …

Setting up php7.0-curl ( …

Setting up php7.0-gd ( …

Setting up php7.0-mysql ( …

Processing triggers for libapache2-mod-php7.0 ( …

Warning: Could not load Apache 2.4 maintainer script helper.

Processing triggers for php7.0-fpm ( …

php7.0-fpm stop/waiting

php7.0-fpm start/running, process 11732



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