HowTo Debian/Ubuntu Linux Auto Mount Windows NTFS File System [ntfs-3g]

I

‘m dual booting MS-Windows with a Debian / Ubuntu Linux desktop. How can I auto mount a drive containing a MS-Windows NTFS file system on a Linux based systems?

 

The New Technology File System (NTFS) is a file system developed by Microsoft in 1995 with Windows NT. You can easily auto mount a hard disk drive partition containing a NTFS using the following method on any modern Linux desktop.

Out sample setup

/dev/sdb1 = NTFS partition (use fdisk -l command to find out NTFS partitions names)

Linux user id = 1000 (vivek)

Linux group id = 1000 (vivek)

Linux mount point = /mnt/ntfs

Required package : ntfs-3g (3rd generation read/write NTFS driver

A note about ntfs-3g

Type the following apt-get command to install the same:

sudo apt-get install ntfs-3g

Sample outputs:

Fig.01: Install the ntfs-3g package from the official repositories on a Debian/Ubuntu

Auto mounting a drive containing a Windows (NTFS) file system using /etc/fstab

The file /etc/fstab contains descriptive information about the various file systems. You need to edit this file and append the following information.

Step 1: Edit /etc/fstab

Open the terminal application and type the following command:

sudo vi /etc/fstab

Step 2: Append the following configuration

/dev/sdb1 /mnt/ntfs/ ntfs nls-utf8,umask-0222,uid-1000,gid-1000,ro 0 0

A NOTE ABOUT THE /DEV/SDB1 DEVICE NAME

If /deb/sdb1 path will change due to system configuration, I recommend that you use the UUID (Universally Unique Identifier) of the partition. To find the UUID of /dev/sdb1, enter:

sudo blkid  /dev/sdb1

Note down the UUID value and update /etc/fstab as follows:

# syntax

# UUID= YOUR-UID-HERE  /mnt/ntfs/ ntfs nls-utf8,umask-0222,uid-1000,gid-1000,ro 0 0

UUID= c2dbc0c5-a8fc-439e-aa93-51b0a61372e8  /mnt/ntfs/ ntfs nls-utf8,umask-0222,uid-1000,gid-1000,ro 0 0

Save and close the file.

Step 3: Create the /mnt/ntfs/ directory

Type the following mkdir command:

sudo mkdir -p /mnt/ntfs/

Step 4: Test it

Type the following command:

sudo mount -a

df -h

cd /mnt/ntfs/

ls -l

cp -v  My File Name.Doc  $HOME

Step 5: Unmount NTFS partion

Type the following command:

sudo umount /mnt/ntfs

OR ##

sudo umount /deb/sdb1

Optional: Manual mounting using ntfs-3g cli option

The syntax is as follows to mount /dev/sdb1 to /mnt/ntfs/:

sudo mkdir -p /mnt/ntfs

Mount it:

ntfs-3g /dev/sdb1 /mnt/ntfs

OR

mount -t ntfs-3g /dev/sdb1 /mnt/ntfs

You can mount the ntfs data partition /dev/sda3 to /mnt/data with standard Linux permissions applied :

ntfs-3g -o permissions /dev/sda3 /mnt/data

You can do read-only mount /dev/sda5 to /home/user/mnt and make user with uid 1000 to be the owner of all files:

ntfs-3g -o ro,uid=1000 /dev/sda5 /home/user/mnt

References

NTFS 3g home page

 

 

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