One of the hardships of working with Apple laptops is to change its operating system. Many people think Linux can not be installed on these types of laptops, but this article will teach you how to do this.
Contrary to popular belief, it is possible to install Linux on Mac laptops. Although this is not very easy, it’s easier than ever before with the new Linux support for Apple hardware.
Of course, it should be noted that only the main Linux operating systems support Mac products. So if someone wants to change their Mac operating system to Linux, they have to choose one from the Ubuntu Linux, Fedora, OpenSUSE and Debian options.
However, it is possible to install several Ubuntu Linux sub-branches like Elementary OS or Linux Mint on Macs.
The reason why someone has to choose one to change their Mac operating system to Linux is only one of these options. It’s quite clear that Linux distributions have been working on more and more Mac hardware compatibility with Linux, which has not happened in other Linux variants. .
Linux Ubuntu up to date has the best compatibility with Macs, so in the preparation of this article, the installation of this distribution is brought.
Generally, using other major Linux distributions except for Ubuntu may be a bit risky.
Creating bootable flash
The most important job of installing a Linux on any computer is to provide a bootable USB flash drive.
This is more necessary for the newer models of Apple laptops, because the new MacBook systems do not have a DVD driver. Initially, use the Disk Utility to find and then format your USB driver.
Do not forget to do this. Because not completely removing the contents of the flash may affect the USB boot in Macs. When you’re sure your flash memory is empty, the time has come for the next step.
Download the latest version of Etcher software (a new software that lets you prepare bootable discs) for Mac OS.
Install the Apple Disk Image (DMG) file and then install the Etcher software installation process. Once the installation process is complete, plug in a flash to your laptop and then run the Etcher software.
While the Etcher software is running and the flash drive is connected to the laptop, download the latest version of Ubuntu Linux.
Once downloaded, go back to the Etcher software and select the Select Image option.
Find your Ubuntu Linux ISO file on your Mac computer and select it to run by Etcher software.
Let the ISO file be fully loaded by the software. When everything is over, press Flash in the Etcher software to get your bootable USB ready.
Because of the existence of files (APf (Apple File System, Mac OS), you can not boot Ubuntu Linux with automated detection methods, unlike always and just like when you booted a boot driver flash, this time, you need to do all the work in the form Do manually.
Run Disk Utility on your Mac and then select View. Then click on the Show All Devices button to show all the hard drives on the Mac. Double click on the hard drive you want.
Then click the Partition button to bring up the Apple File System Space Sharing menu. In this menu, press Partition to give you permission to classify your Mac hard drive.
In the partitioning section, click the plus (+) button to create a new partition. The minimum available space on this new partition should be 16 GB.
Make sure the format of this partition is on the (MS-DOS) option (FAT). Do not worry about formatting this option, since the partition created will change format later.
After creating a new Ubuntu Linux special partition, press the plus (+) button again and create a new partition (MS-DOS) (FAT).
This time, select the word SWAP as its name and select the space on it exactly as your RAM (RAM) size on your Mac.
Once you’ve finished all the partitioning settings, click Apply on the Disk Utility to apply new changes.
Re-install the flash drive containing Ubuntu’s bootable boot version to the laptop and re-install it. While pressing the Mac OS, press one of the option buttons.
Pressing the option button allows you to select the drive you want. This drive name is EFI Boot.
Install Linux on Mac OS
Partitioning in Mac OS is the hardest thing to do. After completing this step, the only thing that remains to be done is by installing Ubuntu Linux.
The installation process of this Linux is very easy and can be done easily. To get started, select Install Ubuntu in the menu that opens.
The next steps in installing Ubuntu Linux on the Mac OS are as follows:
Select Normal Installation from the setup window. Make sure you select the install third party option for your important operating system drivers.
The second step
Let Ubuntu install Mac OS on your computer. After completing this step, choose something else.
Selecting something else allows you to access the partition menu. In this menu, click on the Ubuntu Fat32 partition to darken it.
Do not forget that the Ubuntu operating system uses a megabyte unit instead of GIGABYTE to display this partition in which case it should be converted to MB in order to achieve the desired partition size.
When you select the Ubuntu FAT option, click the change button to open the partition menu.
Insert the menu for Use as on the Ext4 option and then tick the format format option. In the Mount point, type slash (/).
Find the second FAT partition. In the partitioning step, you have named it SWAP. Double-click on it and fill in the option, and then press the change button.
Under the Use as menu, look for the swap area option and select it, then press OK.
Go to the bottom of the screen and set up the Device for boot loader option on the main Ubuntu partition.
If you are not sure what the name of the main Ubuntu partition is, go back to the partition menu and enter the name in front of the slash character in the boot boot screen.
The sixth step
Now click Install Now to begin Ubuntu Linux installation process. Then select your time zone, then specify a username and password for Ubuntu Linux.
Finally, make other basic settings after installing a new operating system.
Mac OS reboot, this time will be loaded into Ubuntu Linux instead of macOS.
Do not forget, whenever you’re looking for a Mac OS X, you can easily get Ubuntu Linux skins into Mac OS.