Many people tend to use flash memory to install Windows instead of disk. In this article, we will learn how to prepare flash for this task and install Windows 10.
Many people prefer to use their device’s USB port instead of a disk to install Windows 10 instead of a disk, and install Windows with a flash drive , since the USB port is faster than the optical drive, and Windows installation takes less time.
Meanwhile, many devices lack an optical drive and their users have no choice but to use the USB port. Microsoft is also releasing Windows 10, unlike previous versions, in addition to the flash disk.
In this article in the Windows 10 tutorial series, we are going to introduce you to three different ways to boot a flash from Windows and then how to install Windows.
Minimum specifications required to install Windows 10
- 1 GHz processor
- 2GB of RAM for 2-bit version and 2GB for 8-bit version
- 1GB of free hard disk space for 2-bit version and 2 GB for 8-bit version
- Graphics Card Supported by DitrectX 9 and Later with Windows Display Driver Support
- 2x2x minimum resolution display
- 1 GHz processor
- 1GB of RAM
- At least 1 GB of free hard disk space
Of course, your system may have the minimum hardware required to install Windows 10, but some hardware drivers may not be compatible with the latest version of Windows, or in some cases some of the peripherals, such as the printer , may not be compatible with Windows 10; Driver updates are fixed. At times, your existing Windows 10 update may also cause issues with your device’s incompatibility with the new version of Windows, which may in some cases be fixed by a clean install of Windows .
Before you start installing Windows, however, it is best to move your system files to another memory or transfer them to cloud services such as van Drive. Follow the steps below to back up your computer data and save the backup file to the van drive.
۱. Click the VanDrive icon in the taskbar.
۲. Click the More menu.
۳. Click Settings.
۴. Select the Backup tab.
۵. Click the Manage backup button.
۶. Select the folder you want to backup from.
۷. Click the Start backup button.
After completing these steps, all selected information will be transferred to your online account.
If you want to back up a large amount of data, it’s best to transfer it to an external hard drive . To do this in a simple and managed way, follow the steps below.
۱. Open File Explorer.
۲. Type% HOMEPATH% in the address bar and hit the Inter button.
۳. From the Home tab, select Select All.
۴. Select Copy to from the Home tab.
۵. Select the choose location option.
۶. Specify the destination for file transfer.
۷. At the end, click the Copy option.
After doing these steps, repeat the process to move the other files.
You also need to make sure your device is active. To make sure your device is powered on, you need to follow the steps below after selecting Settings.
۱. Click Update & Security.
۲. Click the Activation option
۳. If your device is powered on, this will be notified to users in the Activation section under the Windows section of this theme.
We recommend removing all unnecessary accessories attached to the device, such as external bluetooth, printers, webcams, external hard drives and other flashes, before connecting them to the computer, as they can cause problems.
The first step to installing Windows from a flash is to select Flash as the original boot device.
To do this, first restart the system and press the Delete or esc buttons or one of the F1, F2, F10, F11 and F12 buttons to access the BIOS or UEFI menu depending on your laptop or PC motherboard. After accessing the boot menu, if the computer has detected the flash, select it as the original boot device.
To do so in the BIOS menu, first select the Boot tab and move the USB drive option to the first row of boot devices using the keyboard buttons.
Note: In the BIOS menu, most computers will need Removable Devices or USB options to boot Windows to USB, and on some computers this option will appear under the Hard Drive section.
Considering the fact that computers have UEFI boot menu, we also mention how to designate USB as the main boot device in this menu.
To do this after connecting USB to PC, follow these steps.
۱. Open Settings.
۲. Click Update & Security.
۳. Click the Recovery option.
۴. Below the advanced startup section, click Restart now.
۵. Click the Troubleshoot button.
۶. Click on Advanced options.
۷. Click the UEFI Firmware Settings option.
۸. Click the Restart option.
۹. When in the firmware environment, open the boot settings.
۱۰. In the change boot order section, set the USB device as the original boot device just like the BIOS and bring it to the front row.
Method One: Using MediaCreationTool
To install Windows you need to use a flash drive with 2GB of free memory and connect to the Internet. Download the 2-bit version of the Windows Installer from here Download the 2-bit version here .
You can also get this tool from the Windows 10 download page ; however, to install Windows with your system flash you must have a UEFI menu. In summary, the difference between a UEFI BIOS and a UEFI is that systems with a UEFI menu boot faster than a BIOS system, and also support a mouse in their boot menu, which is more beautiful than the BIOS menu; Has BIOS menu.
Also, some systems support both the BIOS menu and the UEFI menu so that users have no problem installing legacy operating systems because they only support the BIOS menu.
To access the UEFI menu, you must act exactly like the BIOS menu; however, most newer systems have this boot menu, and the BIOS boot menu is almost obsolete.
Follow the steps below to boot using Microsoft Tools.
۱. Open the Windows 10 Download page.
۲. Below the Create Windows 10 installation media section, click the Download tool now button to download the file.
۳. If you don’t know which one to download, you can see your current version of Windows by clicking on the Settings icon and logging into Control Panel, clicking System and Security and selecting System.
۴. After downloading the tool, click on the MediaCreationToolxxxx.exe file to install the file. The following screen is displayed after executing the file.
۵. Select Create installation media for another PC and click the Next button.
After displaying the image above you should select one of the following versions after selecting your language:
Note that versions of the N-letter lack Windows Media Player . For more information on other differences between different versions of Windows 8, see the comparison article for different versions of Windows 10 .
If you are upgrading to a newer version of Windows , you should choose the current one. The next step is to choose between 2-bit (X86) and 2-bit (X64) versions depending on your current version of Windows; of course both options are available, but if you do, the 2-bit version will usually run. This is because new computers usually use this version.
Note : If this window has the Use the recommended options for this PC option, uncheck it if enabled.
After selecting these options and clicking on the Next button, you will have to wait a few minutes for the system to check for the space needed to install the copies of your choice. If your system hard drive does not have the amount of free space needed, you should repeat the steps above to fit the available space on your hard drive.
Next you need to select the first option and connect the flash to the system
At this point, select your flash memory from the list and click the Next button. Remember that at this point all the flash information is erased, so be sure to move your flash data to another memory before you start.
The next step is to download Windows 10 and the download time depends on the speed of the Internet.
After completing these steps, the Microsoft utility will download the files you need and your flash, which includes the Windows 10 installation files, will become a bootable, ready-to-install flash drive.
Method Two: Using the Rufus Tool
Using the Rufus Tool is another way to use an ISO or ISO file to boot Windows 10 from a flash. Follow these steps to use this method.
۱. Open the Rufus Download page .
۲. Below the Download section, click on the latest version of the tool to download the file.
۳. Click on the Rufus-xxexe file to run the tool.
۴.Under the Device section , select your flash (your flash should have at least 1 GB of free space).
۵. Below the boot selection section, click the select button on the right side of the screen.
۶. Select the ISO file you previously downloaded or created.
( Tutorial for downloading ISO Windows 7 file from Microsoft site )
. Select the open option to open the file.
۸. From the image option drop-down menu, select the Standard Windows installation option.
۹. From the Partition scheme drop-down menu, select GPT.
۱۰. From the Target system drop-down menu, select UEFI (non CSM).
۱۱. Do not change the default settings below the Show Advanced drive properties section.
۱۲.Below the Volume lable field, select a name for your drive, such as win10_1909_usb.
۱۳. Also, do not change the default settings under the System File and Cluster size sections.
۱۴. Click the Show advanced format options button.
۱۵.Choose Quick format and Create extended label and icon files.
۱۶. Click the start button.
۱۷. Click the OK button.
۱۸. Click the Close button.
After completing these steps, Rufus will boot your flash and you can install Windows with the ISO file.
Create boot file to download ISO file
You can download the Windows 10 ISO file from Microsoft’s servers using Rufus and make your flash bootable. Follow these steps to do this.
۱. Open the Rufus Download page.
۲. Below the Download section, click on the latest version of the tool to download the file.
۳. Click on the Rufus-xxexe file to run the tool.
۴.Under the Device section, select your flash. (Your flash should have at least 1 GB of free space).
۵. Under the boot selection section, right- click on the select arrow and select Download.
۶. Click the Download button.
۷. From the Version drop-down menu, select Windows 10.
۸. Click on the Continue button.
۹. To get the November update, select the (19H2 (Build 18363.418 – 2019.11) option. 2.
Click the Continue button.
۱۱. From the Edition drop-down menu, select Windows 10 Home / Pro.
۱۲.Click the Continue button.
۱۳. Select the language you want from the Lanquage drop-down menu.
۱۴. Click on the Continue button.
۱۵.From the Architecture drop-down menu, select 1 or 2-bit version (recommended version).
۱۶. Click the Download button.
۱۷. Select where to save the file.
۱۸. Click the Save button.
۱۹. From the image option drop-down menu, select the Standard Windows installation option.
۲۰. From the Partition scheme drop-down menu, select GPT.
۲۱. From the Target system drop-down menu, select UEFI (non CSM).
۲۲. Do not change the default settings below the Show Advanced drive properties section.
۲۳. Below the Volume lable field, select a name for your drive, such as win10_1909_usb.
۲۴. Also, do not change the default settings under the System File and Cluster size sections.
۲۵. Click the Show advanced format options button.
۲۶. Choose Quick format and Create extended label and icon files.
۲۷. Click the start button.
۲۷. Click the OK button.
۲۹. Click the Close button.
After doing these steps, Rufus will automatically display the text for downloading the ISO file from Microsoft’s servers and using this file the ISO 10 boot file will be created for installation on systems with a UEFI menu. You can use this method in addition to installing Windows 10 to update other versions of Windows to the latest version.
Third method (manual butylation method)
You may not like the manual boot process or enjoy working with the control; you can either do the boot process manually. To do this, you first need to get the Windows image file in ISO format.
You can create an image file in addition to the methods we have described, using the Windows 10 Media Creation Tool you previously downloaded.
To do this, follow the steps below to run this tool.
۱. Select the Create installation media option (USB flash drive, DVD, or ISO) for another PC and click the Next button.
۲.Select the ISO file option and click Next to create the file. You can burn the ISO file to DVD if needed so you can backup it. To do this, if your device is DVD-enabled, you just need to right-click on the file and select the Burn disc Image option.
After downloading or preparing the ISO file, open the command prompt window (Search for cmd and right-click on the command prompt and select Run as administrator).
After you open the window, type diskpart and hit the Inter button. You can also authorize the program by selecting the search option in the Start menu and entering diskpart and pressing the Inter button and finally clicking Yes.
Next, connect the flash to the computer and type in the list disk and hit the Inter button.
After entering this expression, a column is displayed containing different volumes and you can find your flash by viewing the volumes.
The first flash is your flash, enter the select disk 1 and hit the Inter button. If your arrow volume appears in the next rows, change the number of the typed expression to the number in the row.
Next, by tapping the clean button and tapping the Inter button, erase all the flash information (if you have important flash information, be sure to save it to another memory before doing so).
Now we want to get Flash ready for Windows installation and make sure it’s bootable. So type create partition primary and hit the Inter button.
After clearing the information, type select partition1.
In the next step, type Active.
Finally type in the format fs = fat32 to format your flash to Fat32 format. (If you choose the NTFS format for your flash, you will need to use a different command to boot and save the files that are compatible with boot management.) The process of formatting a flash may take several minutes depending on its volume and speed.
After the flash is formatted, type Assign to name it and access it in one of the English letters.
After doing so, their flash will open automatically; if not, find it in My Computer or This PC (remember the letter you selected).
There are two ways to do this: Either extract the ISO file (you can either open it in Windows Explorer or extract it directly into Flash using your favorite extract software) or by extracting it. Mount software such as PowerISO to allow access to its content like a regular drive.
Also in Windows 8 or 10 you can mount the ISO file without using the software just by right-clicking and selecting the Mount option.
Once the file is mounted, just go to My Computer or This PC homepage and enter the mounted drive. Continue with the command line after mounting the file.
close the diskpart window , and after opening the new command line window, enter xcopy g: *. * / S / e / fh: letter g is the name of the mounted drive containing the ISO file and the letter h belongs to your flash memory. Copying the install.wim file takes longer than other files and you don’t have to worry about it.
Eventually you finish typing the word Exit, and you can install Windows 10 with your flash.
Install Windows 10 as a clean install
After booting your flash with one of these three methods and transferring the files needed to install Windows, your flash is ready for Windows installation. Follow the steps below to install Windows.
۱. Connect the flash to the computer and reset it.
۲. After restarting the computer, immediately press one of the keyboard keys to boot from Windows flash.
۳. After displaying the Windows setup window, click Next.
۴. Click the Install Now key.
۵. If this is your first time installing Windows, enter the key and if you have already installed Windows, you can skip this step by clicking the I don’t have a product key option.
۶. Click the Next button.
۷. If you want to select the desired version, select the one you want. The selected version should be the same as the one you entered.
۸. Click the Next button.
۹. Select the I accept the license terms option to continue.
۱۰. Click the Next button.
۱۱. Select the Custom: Install Windows only (Advanced) option.
۱۲. Select the drive on which the current Windows is installed and click on the Delete button.
Note: If your drive consists of several partitions, you must select and erase each one separately so that the entire drive is available for Windows installation.
During the installation process of Windows 10, all necessary partitions are created automatically. Also, you don’t need to erase the information of other drives.
۱۳. Click the Yes button.
۱۴. Select an empty drive.
۱۵. In the last step, click the Next button.
Create account and other settings
After these steps are completed, Windows 10 installation will be completed and you can then create your account and adjust the settings to your liking. Follow these steps to do this.
۱. Select your area.
۲. Click the Yes button.
۳. Specify the type of keyboard.
۴.Click the Yes button.
۵. If you don’t want to specify the second keyboard, hit the Skip button.
۶. Click the Set up for personal use option.
۷. Click the Next button.
۸. To create Hsabkarbry Microsoft (Microsoft account) Enter the required information.
۹. Click the Next button.
۱۰. Enter your account password. If you are using Authenticator, click Use the Microsoft Authenticator app instead.
۱۱. Click the Next button.
۱۲. Click the Create PIN button.
۱۳. Create a four-digit PIN code for the Windows Hello feature .
Note: If you are interested in using common passwords, skip this step by pressing the Cancel button.
۱۴. (Optional) If you want to enable Timeline to access your History on different devices, click on the Yes button and select No.
۱۵.You can enter your mobile number to make the connection between your computer and your ear. If you want to skip this step, click the Do it later button at the bottom left of the screen.
۱۶. (Optional) Click on Next to allow VanDrive to back up your desktop , documents and images. If you are using another cloud service or are not inclined to use cloud services, click the Only save files to this PC option at the bottom left of the screen.
۱۷. If you do not want to install Office or do not intend to do so now, click the skip button.
Note: If you have Office License, by selecting I have a product key, Office software will be automatically installed.
۱۸. (Optional) with the option Let Cortana respond to “Hey Cortana” can no clapping computers, from Cortana , Use Windows 10 Virtual Assistant . ۱۹. At this point, by selecting the Accept button, let Microsoft collect your personal information to make Cortana more personalized;
۲۰. Make your privacy settings (scroll to the bottom of the screen to see all the settings).
۲۱. Click the Accept button.
After these steps, the settings made in Windows will be applied and the desktop screen will appear.
After displaying the desktop, follow these steps to make sure Windows is fully up to date.
۱. See Settings.
۲. See the update & security section.
۳. See the Windows update button.
۴. Click the Check for updates button.
Following these steps, if there is a new update for Windows. It will be downloaded and installed.
Usually all drives are installed after Windows is installed, but to make sure all drivers are installed, look for Device Manager, if there is no yellow or red icon next to the icon, it means that all drives are installed with Have been successful.