How To Setup a LAMP Server on Debian Linux 8 (Jessie)


ow can I setup up a LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySql, PHP) stack on Debian Linux version 8 (Jessie) using command line options?


Setting up a LAMP stack on your Debian 8 server will allow for the hosting of websites and web applications written in PHP, Perl, and Python. You need to install the following packages on Debian Linux 8:

apache2 : Apache HTTP Server

mysql-server: MySQL Server

php5 : PHP 5

php-pear: PHP 5 pear package

php5-mysql: PHP 5 mysql support

In this tutorial, you will learn installing LAMP on your Debian 8 server.

Update your system

Type the following command:

# apt-get update

# apt-get upgrade

Install Apache 2 package

Type the following apt-get command to instal Apache httpd server version 2:

# apt-get install apache2


Sample outputs:

Fig. 01: Install Apache 2 on Debian 8

Install MySQL server package

Type the following apt-get command to instal Mysql server version 5.x:

# apt-get install mysql-server

Install PHP package

Type the following apt-get command to instal php5:

# apt-get install php5 php-pear libapache2-mod-php5

Install PHP modules

Type the following apt-get command to instal php modules:

# apt-get install php5-mysql php5-gd


To find out additional PHP5 modules, enter:

# apt-cache search php5-


Sample outputs:

php5-exactimage – fast image manipulation library (PHP bindings)

php5-gdcm – Grassroots DICOM PHP5 bindings

php5-vtkgdcm – Grassroots DICOM VTK PHP bindings

php5-geos – GEOS bindings for PHP

php5-lasso – Library for Liberty Alliance and SAML protocols – PHP 5 bindings

php5-libvirt-php – libvirt bindings for PHP

php5-mapscript – php5-cgi module for MapServer

php5-adodb – Extension optimising the ADOdb database abstraction library

php5-apcu – APC User Cache for PHP 5

php5-gearman – PHP wrapper to libgearman

php5-geoip – GeoIP module for php5

php5-gnupg – wrapper around the gpgme library

php5-igbinary – igbinary extension

php5-imagick – Provides a wrapper to the ImageMagick library

php5-json – JSON module for php5

php5-memcache – memcache extension module for PHP5

php5-memcached – memcached extension module for PHP5, uses libmemcached

php5-mongo – MongoDB database driver

php5-msgpack – PHP extension for interfacing with MessagePack

php5-mysqlnd-ms – MySQL replication and load balancing module for PHP

php5-oauth – OAuth 1.0 consumer and provider extension

php5-pecl-http – pecl_http module for PHP 5 Extended HTTP Support

php5-pecl-http-dev – pecl_http module for PHP 5 Extended HTTP Support development headers

php5-pinba – Pinba module for PHP 5

php5-propro – propro module for PHP 5

php5-propro-dev – propro module for PHP 5 development headers

php5-radius – PECL radius module for PHP 5

php5-raphf – raphf module for PHP 5

php5-raphf-dev – raphf module for PHP 5 development headers

php5-redis – PHP extension for interfacing with Redis

php5-rrd – PHP bindings to rrd tool system

php5-sasl – Cyrus SASL Extension

php5-solr – solr module for PHP 5

libssh2-php – transitional dummy package for php5-ssh2

php5-ssh2 – Bindings for the libssh2 library

php5-stomp – Streaming Text Oriented Messaging Protocol (STOMP) client module for PHP 5

php5-svn – PHP Bindings for the Subversion Revision control system

php5-tokyo-tyrant – PHP interface to Tokyo Cabinet s network interface, Tokyo Tyrant

php5-yac – YAC (Yet Another Cache) for PHP 5

php5-zmq – ZeroMQ messaging

libphp5-embed – HTML-embedded scripting language (Embedded SAPI library)

php5-cgi – server-side, HTML-embedded scripting language (CGI binary)

php5-cli – command-line interpreter for the php5 scripting language

php5-common – Common files for packages built from the php5 source

php5-curl – CURL module for php5

php5-dbg – Debug symbols for PHP5

php5-dev – Files for PHP5 module development

php5-enchant – Enchant module for php5

php5-fpm – server-side, HTML-embedded scripting language (FPM-CGI binary)

php5-gd – GD module for php5

php5-gmp – GMP module for php5

php5-imap – IMAP module for php5

php5-interbase – interbase/firebird module for php5

php5-intl – internationalisation module for php5

php5-ldap – LDAP module for php5

php5-mcrypt – MCrypt module for php5

php5-mysql – MySQL module for php5

php5-mysqlnd – MySQL module for php5 (Native Driver)

php5-odbc – ODBC module for php5

php5-pgsql – PostgreSQL module for php5

php5-phpdbg – server-side, HTML-embedded scripting language (PHPDBG binary)

php5-pspell – pspell module for php5

php5-readline – Readline module for php5

php5-recode – recode module for php5

php5-snmp – SNMP module for php5

php5-sqlite – SQLite module for php5

php5-sybase – Sybase / MS SQL Server module for php5

php5-tidy – tidy module for php5

php5-xmlrpc – XML-RPC module for php5

php5-xsl – XSL module for php5

php5-librdf – PHP5 language bindings for the Redland RDF library

php5-remctl – PECL module for Kerberos-authenticated command execution

php5-twig – Enhance performance of the Twig template engine

php5-uprofiler – hierarchical profiler for PHP (extension)

php5-xcache – Fast, stable PHP opcode cacher

php5-xdebug – Xdebug Module for PHP 5

php5-xhprof – Hierarchical Profiler for PHP5

Optional: Install Perl, for Perl apps

Type the following apt-get command to instal Perl module for Apache 2:

# apt-get install perl libapache2-mod-perl2

Optional: Install Python, for python apps

Type the following apt-get command to instal Python module for Apache 2:

# apt-get install python libapache2-mod-python

LAMP configurations

At this stage required software packages are installed. To find your severs’s IP address, run:

# ifconfig eth0



# ip addr show eth0


Sample outputs:

2: eth0:  mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP group default qlen 1000

link/ether 00:08:9b:c4:30:30 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

inet brd scope global eth0

valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

inet6 fe80::208:9bff:fec4:3030/64 scope link

valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

Fire a web-browser and test it by typing your server IP address:

Sample outputs:

Fig.02: The default Apache 2 page on Debian Linux 8

Configure Apache

Edit /etc/apache2/apache2.conf file, enter:

# vi /etc/apache2/apache2.conf


Make sure you setup port, IP address, and other information as per your needs. Finally, restart the server:

# systemctl restart apache2


First, create directories, as follows:

# D=

# mkdir -p /var/www/html/$D/html_root

# mkdir -p /var/log/apache2/$D/


Create /etc/apache2/sites-available/$D.conf file:

# vi /etc/apache2/sites-available/$D.conf


Append the following directives:

<VirtualHost *:80>




DocumentRoot /var/www/html/

ErrorLog  /var/log/apache2/

CustomLog  /var/log/apache2/ combined


Save and close the file. Turn on configuration:

# a2ensite $D.conf


Again, restart apache server:

# systemctl restart apache2

Configure MySQL server

First, secure your mysql server, type:

# mysql_secure_installation


Create a sample mysql database called wordpress. First, login as follows:

# mysql -u root -p


Type the following sql commands at mysql> prompt:

mysql> create database wordpress;

mysql> grant all on wordpress.* to  vivek  identified by  1SfFAi9$ ;

mysql> quit

The above will create a database called ‘wordpress’ and grant your users permissions on it with username ‘vivek’ and the password ‘1SfFAi9$’. See how to create and use database/users on MySQL for more info.

Configure PHP

Edit /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini, enter:

# vi /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini


Append or modify as follows:


; *******************************************************************************************************

; NOTE: These settings are good starting points, but should be adjusted to best suite your requirements.*

; *******************************************************************************************************


; Set error reporting to a log file



error_log = /var/log/apache2/php-error.log


; Again set this as per your needs – Anit DoS settings

max_execution_time =  30

max_input_time = 30

memory_limit = 40M


; No exposing is allowed



; Disable file uploads



; Turn off remote execution




; Block dangerous php functions

disable_functions =exec,passthru,shell_exec,system,proc_open,popen,curl_exec,curl_multi_exec,parse_ini_file,show_source

Note: See our php 5 security tips guide and block php functions which are not suppose to use for more information.

Again, restart apache 2 server:

# systemctl restart apache2


Next, create /var/www/html/info.php file to test PHP:

# echo  <?php phpinfo(); ?>  > /var/www/html/info.php


Test url:

Sample outputs:

Fig.03 Apache 2 php test page on Debian Linux 8

Security: Firewall settings

You need to open port 80:

/sbin/iptables -A INPUT -m state –state NEW -m tcp -p tcp –dport 80 -j ACCEPT


See our firewall settings guide on Debain for more information.

Security: Permission for /var/www/html/ DocumentRoot directory

Make sure you set files and directories permission as follows:

Must run as root user ##

# Make sure Apache user owns /var/www/html/

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html


# Make sure it is read-only

chmod -R 0444 /var/www/html/


# Make sure Apache can read files in sub-dirs to avoid HTTP/403 status errors

find /var/www/html/ -type d -print0 | xargs -0 -I {} chmod 0445  {}


# Do you need to give write permission to certain directories like $D/blog/wp-cache/?

# Edit as per needs 🙂

# chmod -R 0775 /var/www/html/

# echo  Deny from all  >>  /var/www/html/


Important commands

To start/stop/restart and to see status of Apache 2, enter:

# systemctl start apache2

# systemctl stop apache2

# systemctl restart apache2

# systemctl status apache2


To start/stop/restart and to see status of MySQL server, enter:

# systemctl start mysql

# systemctl stop mysql

# systemctl restart mysql

# systemctl status mysql


Verify that port # 80 open:

# netstat -tulpn | grep :80

# ss -t -a

# ss -t -a | grep http

# ss -o state established  ( dport = :http or sport = :http )

# iptable -L -n -v | less

Important log files

To see Apache 2 log files, enter:

tail -f /var/log/apache2/access.log

tail -f /var/log/apache2/error.log

grep something /var/log/apache2/error.log

PHP ##

tail -f /var/log/apache2/php-error.log

Vhost ##

tail -f /var/log/apache2/

tail -f /var/log/apache2/

grep something /var/log/apache2/

Now, you have installed LAMP stack on your Debian v8.x server.



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