Nowruz has long been celebrated on the occasion of the renewal of nature in Iran, but it is not limited to Iran and is celebrated in many other countries on the first day of spring.
In the solar calendar, Nowruz refers to the first day of spring and the beginning of the new year, which is the 21st of March in the global calendar. In fact, at the time of the New Year’s delivery, it’s based on the sun’s delivery to the tower or, in other words, the spring equinox.
This phenomenon of nature modernization has been celebrating for thousands of years in various cultures and societies by celebrating the rejuvenation of nature. In this regard, before the collapse of the Soviet Union, Nowruz celebrations were only officially held in Iran, but after the independence of these countries, Nowruz was celebrated in these countries as an official celebration every year. It has also been recognized by the United Nations on the World Calendar since the 9th anniversary of New Year’s Eve, and was previously listed on UNESCO’s Spiritual Heritage List on October 2.
Nowruz is celebrating in Iran and Iranians around the world. But other countries, including Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Iraqi Kurdistan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, China and the Indian subcontinent, are officially celebrating the beginning of spring.
Nowruz in Iran
Nowruz is the most important annual holiday in the Iranian calendar. Therefore, the preparation for Nowruz starts a month ago – March – with a new home for shopping and shopping. Of course, this era is also full of joy, because Haji Firouz – the guardian of fire in ancient Zoroastrianism – in circles in black and red, accompanies people in circles and singing hymns.
On the last Tuesday of the year, a ceremony call Chaharshanbeh Suri is hold in the evening and the darkness of the air, where people murmur with the theme:
My yellow from you Your red from me
This ritual is rooting in Zoroastrianism and is meant to leave behind darkness and evil. Other Wednesday night celebrations include “Troubled Nuts” as a symbol of gratitude for the blessings and joys of the past year and of the bad ones in the new year. In addition, children go out on the streets and ask for gifts and snacks.
Of course, other old traditions, such as the breaking of the jug, the phallus, the spoon, and the knot, have been common in the past, which have unfortunately faded today. Also, the gravesite pilgrimage at the end of the year is one of the end days of the year in Iran.
On the day of delivery,
Haft-Sine tablecloths are setting up in cities and people’s homes in Jajah, where people sit with their family members at the table waiting for the New Year’s Eve. Elements of this table consist of seven elements that begin with the letter “Sin”;
- Brunette: a symbol of greenery, joy and growth again
- Semnan: A symbol of abundance
- Seeds: Symbol of firmness
- Garlic: Health symbol
- Apple: Symbol of beauty and love
- Sumac: a symbol of patience
- Vinegar: a symbol of progress
Of course, besides the seven, other performances such as coins (symbols of wealth),
candles (symbols of brightness and sunrise), mirrors (symbols of purity and sincerity),
roses (symbols of purity), Quran, Shahnameh or Divan Hafez
and color eggs Family members (symbols of fertility) are also on the table in Haft-Sin.
After the New Year’s Eve, people come to visit relatives and acquaintances in what is call “spectacular Eid.” The hostesses her guests with snacks such as nuts, bread, chickpeas and baklava.
Other specialty foods and snacks during New Year’s Eve include rice noodles, pilaf greens, rice noodles, coco greens, leaf cakes, rice bread and quotes.
The last day of Nowruz Holiday – April 13th – is calling Nature Day,
where people go on a nature day and celebrate April 13th with a picnic. At the end of the day, the Haft Sin Branches are tied up in the water in order to fulfill their New Year’s wishes. Another common practice in this day is called the “Thirteen lies”.
Nowruz in Azerbaijan
After Iran, Azerbaijan is the second country to officially celebrate Nowruz celebration for 4 days. Also the customs of holding Nowruz in these two countries are very similar and in Azerbaijan before Norouz there are things like moving houses, buying new clothes, planting trees, making sweets and so on. In fact, the people of Azerbaijan have been welcoming Norouz for a month already, and the last four Tuesday of each year is called one of the elements of chariot – wind, soil, soil and fire.
In Azerbaijan, Nowruz is also a family gathering where all relatives and friends get together and dance
and dance to special foods and snacks such as sugar Bora, Baklava and …
And In addition to Iran and Azerbaijan, as the most important countries celebrating the Nowruz, other countries in the Caucasus,
the Indian subcontinent and even the farthest point of Asia
– China – celebrate the beginning of spring and the flourishing of nature with different and beautiful rituals.
Afghanistan is also among the countries celebrating Nowruz. It should be noted that the first day of Nowruz in this country is also called “Farmer’s Day” – the celebration of the peasant. Of course, between the ages of 4-5 – coinciding with the Taliban rule in Afghanistan – the holding of Nowruz was banned.
Like Iran and Azerbaijan, the anticipation of spring begins in the days before the arrival of Syrian Wednesday. Among the most important Nowruz rituals in Afghanistan are the following:
- Roses Celebration: This celebration is hold for 6 days in Mazar-e-Sharif for
- the first time since the spring and in the growing season of tulips in Jaya City.
- High jump: A religious ceremony held on the first day of the New Year
- by senior government officials at the Mazar-e-Sharif Mosque.
- Bozkashi: Contests held alongside other Nowruz celebrations in the northern cities of Afghanistan.
- Seven Fruits:
- Seven fruits are actually equivalent to the Haft Sine table in Afghanistan,
- which includes seven types of fruit including raisins, onions, pistachios, hazelnuts, apricot leaves, walnuts or other fruits including plums.
- Semnak: A special pastry made from wheat, usually a few days before Nowruz. Of course,
- other foods and snacks such as Chalav vegetable,
- Nowruz pancakes, fish and noodles, etc., are making especially in Afghanistan.
Also, like Haji Firouz in Iran, an old man known as “Kam Pirak” in colorful clothes in villages
and cities passes and reads the happy poetry of glad tidings of spring.
Although Norouz is not a national holiday in Armenia, it is celebrate by Armenians. The presence of thousands of Iranian citizens in Armenia also boosts the celebration. In this regard, according to the figures announced in the year 3-6, about 2.5 Iranian citizens spent their New Year holidays in the country.
Georgians, like the Armenian people, do not officially celebrate Nowruz, but have been on holiday since Novruz 5. In fact, Nowruz is often held by the Azeri-Georgian minority in Tbilisi.
In China, Nowruz is generally hold in Xinjiang Province – Turkmenistan, China – by locals from the Han, Uighur, and Kazakh ethnicities. People in the area are also welcomed with tree planting, canal dredging, house shelters, and food and snacks.
The most important symbol of Nowruz at the Chinese Nowruz celebration is the “Purple Nowruz”, a symbol of happiness, success, health and wealth in the New Year.
Nowruz in Kurdistan (referred to as the Nun and Stagnation Wave Fraction)
is one of the most important celebrations of the Iraqi-Turkish people of Kurdistan,
which takes place every year from March 18 to March 21. In this beautiful celebration,
women dress in colorful clothes and men holding green flags outside the city are greet by a fire, dance and dance party.
Syrian Kurds, of course, celebrate the blooming of nature each year with the wearing of their local clothes,
like other nations adhering to the Nowruz celebration each year.
Indian Persians (a group of Zoroastrians of Iranian descent living in the Indian subcontinent –
India and Pakistan) celebrate the beginning of the new year under the name of Nowruz Jamshidi. In this area too, New Year’s Eve is celebrated with a celebration such as shaking hands. They then decorate their homes with lively symbols such as stars, butterflies, birds and fish. On the day of Nowruz they put on their best and most beautiful clothes and go to the temple after having a breakfast consisting of sev (soup) – a soup. Then they greet their guests with rose and rice.
People in the Indian subcontinent also specialize in specialty dishes such as salad (potato and lamb),
polav (rice with nuts and saffron) and more.
The Haft-Sin table also includes items such as vegetables, vegetables, apples, cinnamon, garlic, sumac and vinegar. Of course, items such as hyacinths, coins, candles, nuts, mirrors, colored eggs and sweets such as baklava and the Bible must be added to the collection.