Security breaches and vulnerabilities will never reach the end of the line. The vulnerabilities that are becoming more and more odd are forcing companies to hire skilled professionals to protect infrastructure, databases, and especially communications networks.
Introduction to the CEH test
The CEH Certified Ethical Hacker course is designed to test and validate an applicant’s level of preparedness for security assessments. This test is designed, maintained and managed by the International Council of E-Commerce Advisory Group (EC-Council) and is more suitable for those early in their career in information security.
Ideally, people with at least two years’ experience in security or security issues should consider taking the test. The test should answer the questions and tests that are most relevant to the underlying issues and details of an organization’s computer networks and systems related to the security approach.
But who is a legitimate hacker? A person who identifies vulnerabilities and security flaws in a large or small organization’s infrastructure before vulnerabilities are identified and exploited by hackers and provides a solution to the vulnerabilities. CEH is a period where the focus is on network security.
During this period, security managers, network administrators, security auditors, and other IT experts are enhancing their security skills. In this course, applicants for the CEH degree must answer 125 questions in seven sections and you will then be introduced to them.
What is a moral hack?
Moral hacking is a term that indicates that you do not intend to infiltrate information systems of criminal activity or sabotage. In the world of security, the word hacker is engulfed in malicious cyber activity, but how can we describe the behavior of an individual who has broken and embedded information systems defense mechanisms?
The term ethical hacker describes a person who uses skills similar to black hat hackers, except that he or she seeks to gain profits.
More precisely, the individual seeks to gain profits by identifying vulnerabilities within an organization’s infrastructure and informing them of those vulnerabilities, while a black hat hacker identifies the vulnerabilities and extracts information or enters the infrastructure without the organization’s knowledge.
he does. Ethical hackers (white hats) test the security of systems owned by their bosses or clients to implement robust security measures.
Like many technical specialties, a certification program is designed to enable these ethical hackers to demonstrate their level of knowledge and skills. The CEH course is formulated for this purpose.
Companies looking to hire staff or consultants to perform penetration tests are more likely to seek out individuals who have obtained CEH certification .
This evidence shows that individuals have a good level of knowledge in assessing security issues and more importantly have demonstrated their ethical and technical competence.
Why should we be an ethics hacker?
This is a question that most people ask. The answer is clear. The market for white hat hackers is thriving. Demand for information security professionals is on the rise and people with a moderate level of knowledge and experience will easily receive high salaries.
TechTarget, in 2014, conducted a salary-centric survey of information security experts. The results of the survey showed that they earn an average of $ 112,372. Getting a CEH degree is a great way for people who want to get into the world of security seriously.
How to obtain a CEH certificate?
The CEH program is run by a team of information security experts from the EC-Council and is a basic level certification that aims to assess the level of people with little experience in information security.
Of course, people with no prior experience in information security can enroll in this course.
There are several ways to get this degree or CEH test. You can receive the necessary training in person, online or at accredited centers.
However, attending classes ensures that you will learn the topics properly. If you prefer not to participate in any of the official CEH training programs, you should be aware of how to register and deposit funds, so I wouldn’t suggest considering the above, given the difficulties involved.
You have to answer 125 multiple-choice questions in 4 hours, with on average a little less than two minutes to answer each question. To succeed in this test you must answer at least 88 questions correctly.
In other words, answer 70% of the questions correctly. The CEH Certificate is valid for three years and after this time you must renew your Certificate for another three years.
What topics does the CEH test cover?
The CEH test is based on a seven-part design that each section has its own questions. These seven sections are as follows:
As you can see, you have to spend most of your time in areas 1, 3 and 5. Keep in mind, if you spend some time studying policies and regulations or ethics, you do nothing in vain.
Introduction to 7 CEH exam sections
As noted, the CEH test questions are divided into seven domains / sections. Each domain will evaluate you with at least two and a maximum of 36 questions. The summary of questions in each section of this test is as follows:
Domain 1: Background
The first area of the CEH test is designed to assess applicants’ general knowledge of information security. 27 questions are devoted to this part of the exam and the domain itself is divided into three sub domains as follows:
Network and Communication Technologies (10 Questions)
Information security threats and attack vectors (9 questions)
Information Security Technologies (8 Questions)
While little is known about the style and context of the questions in this domain, however, the previous version provided more comprehensive information on the questions in each of the sub domains:
Network technologies (hardware, infrastructure, etc.)
Web technologies (Web 2.0, Skype, etc.)
Operations performed by malware
Mobile technologies (smartphones)
Backing up and archiving (local, network, etc.)
The questions in this domain are mostly about topics that a white hat hacker should know about.
Domain 2: Analysis / Assessment
The second part / scope of the CEH test focuses on different types of analysis and evaluation mechanisms and it is expected that a white hat hacker will be able to perform these analyzes correctly. In this area, a total of 16 questions are divided into two sub domains:
1. Information Security Assessment and Analysis (8 Questions)
2. Information Security Assessment Process (8 Questions)
As the subdomain indicates, this part of the test assesses cognitive and cognitive aspects. In other words, the questions in this section evaluate and challenge the applicants’ general and perceptual skills set. In this field, the EC Council has considered the following four headings:
1. Data analysis
2. System analysis
3. Risk assessment
4. Technical evaluation methods
This part of the test will try to examine the level of recognition and level of your high-level assessments in dealing with security issues.
Scope 3: Security
Security is one of the three major areas of the CEH test with 30 questions. The questions in this section assess your understanding of all aspects of managing security incidents, including prevention, detection and preventive defense against attacks. The three sub domains of this section are as follows:
1. Information Security Control (15 Questions)
2. Detecting security attacks (9 questions)
3. Preventing Data Attacks (Databases) (6 Questions)
The questions in this part of the exam evaluate different topics and topics and therefore require a high level of knowledge and experience to answer these questions. The purpose of the questions in this section is to evaluate the level of your knowledge of using security tools. Tools used to prevent or detect attacks. As an applicant for this test you need to know how to configure and run these tools.
The topics that the EC organization explicitly referred to in its previous exam plan are as follows:
– System security controls
– File server / application
– Network Security
– Physical security
– Modeling threats
– Confirmation methods (false positive / negative validation)
– Social engineering (manipulating human factors)
– Vulnerable scanners
– Consequences of adopting security policies
– Privacy / Confidentiality (subject to partnership)
– Wireless access technologies (network, RFID, Bluetooth, etc.)
– Reliable networks
As you can see, this part of the exam covers a variety of topics, with most topics covered with only one or two questions. Many of these topics (such as social engineering and verification methods) have been raised to inform you that you have an understanding of the underlying concepts. But to answer other questions (like file
Server / Application) Need more knowledge.
Domain 4: Tools, Systems, Applications
Researchers interested in taking the CEH test should note that the CEH test is intended to assess your professional ability. As a result, you should not just keep the booklets and books in order to answer the questions correctly. Domain 4 is another part of the 36-question test that focuses on your knowledge of common systems, programs, and tools that a white hat hacker uses to do his job.
This section is divided into three sub domains:
1. Information Security Systems (7 Questions)
2. Information Security Programs (5 Questions)
3. Information Security Tools (24 Questions)
This part of the test is a combination of theoretical and practical content.
The EC Council has attempted to test the applicant’s knowledge of the tools used for various purposes, including:
1. Network / Host based intrusion
2. Wireless / Network Interception (Wireshark, AirSnort, etc.)
3. Access Control Mechanisms (Smart Cards and the like)
4. Encryption techniques (IPsec, SSL, PGP)
5. Programming languages (C ++, Java, C #, C)
7. Appliances used in border protection
8. Network topology
10. Port Scanning (Nmap)
11. Domain Name System (DNS)
12. Routers / Modems / Switches
13. Vulnerable Scanners (Nessus, Retina, etc.)
14. Vulnerability and Protection Management Systems (such as Foundstone and Ecora)
15. Operating environments (Windows, Linux, Mac)
16. Anti-virus systems and applications
17. Report Analysis Tools
18. Security Models
19. Tools used for exploiting exploits
20. Database Structures The above titles are well aware that in order to answer the questions in this section you need to be well acquainted with and practically working with the tools in this field.
Questions in this section range from identifying the most efficient tools for doing a specific task to reading the output or input formatting for a tool. Practical experience in working with the most common information security tools is essential to answer the questions correctly.
Try learning how to work with Nmap, Metasploit, John the Ripper, THC Hydra, OWASP Zed, Wireshark, Aircrack-ng, Maltego, Cain and Abel and Nikto Website Vulnerability Scanner.
Domain 5: Procedures / Methodology
This section addresses 11 questions about conventional information security routines and methodologies. This section is divided into two sub domains as follows:
1. Information Security Procedures (5 Questions)
2. Information Security Assessment Methods (6 Questions)
To implement a security solution and counter the attack vectors of a white hat hacker you need to have a good understanding of these topics.
This section examines the knowledge of design and infrastructure architecture of various types of systems related to cryptography, public key infrastructure (PKI), security architecture (SA), service-oriented architecture (SOA), information security event, multilevel program design (N).
-Layer), evaluates TCP / IP-based networks (network routing) and security testing methods. The questions in this section are mostly adapted from information technology and software development topics.
Anyone with background on software development or information technology issues should not have a particular problem answering questions.
Domain 6: Policy / Regulations
This section is one of the smallest parts of the CEH exam and has only two questions. As a white-collar hacker you need to know what to behave professionally when dealing with intra-organizational governance policies and policies and laws instituted by law enforcement. This part of the knowledge test assesses some of the important information security rules and governance policies applied.
Domain 7: Ethics
The final part of the CEH exam is about ethical issues. The questions in this section are about whether the applicant is applying the skills he or she has learned correctly. In this part of the test, you need to answer three questions about ethical issues and evaluate your knowledge in dealing with specific situations. Note, this part of the test is trivial in appearance, but it is one of the most important parts that may give you a chance to succeed in the test.